The Austrian Legal System and Laws: a Brief Overview

Attorney at Law Vienna lawyer Austria The Austrian Legal System

The article "The Austrian Legal System and Laws" is about the basics about the Austrian legal system and was written by Dr. Johannes Öhlböck, latest updated in 2012. The article was published in GlobaLex, which is an online law journal of the New York (NYU) School of Law.


Johannes Oehlboeck (Lawyer) holds a law degree from the University of Vienna (2001), LL.M. (2002), and a Ph.D. in law (2008). He is attorney at law ( in Vienna and specializes in Competition Law, Antitrust and IP- and IT-LAW. He is also a member of the board of He is admitted to the Austrian Bar.

The Austrian Legal System and Laws: a Brief Overview


Table of Contents

1. Introduction


2. Public Law: Constitutional Law

2.1 Overview
2.2 Legislation / Hierarchy of Legal Sources

3. Private Law

3.1 Overview
3.2 Main Aspects of Private Law

4. Criminal Law

4.1 Overview
4.2 Fundamental Principles of the Criminal Procedure

5. Austrian Court System

5.1 Overview
5.2 Courts of Public Law Jurisdiction
5.2.1 Supreme Court of Justice
5.2.2 Constitutional Court
5.2.3 Administrative Court
5.3 Courts of Ordinary Jurisdiction

6. Legal Resources

6.1 Online
6.1.1 The Legal Information System of the Republic of Austria (RIS)
6.1.2 Courts
6.1.3 Further Online Resources
6.2 Offline
6.2.1 Selection of Major Commentaries
6.2.2 Selection of Printed Legal Resources in English